Borneo’s tropical rainforests and climate provide the ideal conditions for a wide variety of species to thrive. The tropical forests are home to many well-known mammals, some less known and a steadily growing number of newly discovered ones. These forests provide food and shelter for mammals ranging from the pygmy elephant, to up to 13 species of primates including orang-utans and proboscis monkeys.
The top five iconic wild animals in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo are identified in Kinabatangan and Danum Valley – two of the best places in Borneo to explore flora and fauna. Among them are the Pygmy Elephant, the well known Orang Utan, the famous long-nose Proboscis Monkeys, Crocodiles and the Rhinoceros Hornbill. Some are even endemic to the jungles of Borneo.
The Estuarine crocodile along the Kinabatangan River; earth’s largest living crocodile. The average-size males reach 5 meters and 450 kilograms, but specimens 7 meters long and weighing 1,000 kilograms are not uncommon. They are also known as most dangerous crocodiles.
The Proboscis Monkey’s are endemic to the jungles of Borneo. This arboreal monkey lives close to the riverside and mangrove forest. Males are easy to recognize, because of their nose. However, with their nose they will attract others.
The Pygmy Elephant, with a height less than 2.5 meters they are the smallest elephant worldwide. They also have babyish faces, larger ears, longer tails that reach almost to the ground and are more rotund. They are most active at night, but most seen during daytime.
The Rhinoceros hornbill is one of the largest birds in rainforests of Asia. They spend their entire lives on treetops. Rhinoceros hornbill usually pair for life. The couples choose a tree hollow or cavity and begin to build a nest. The difference between male and female is that the male’s eyes are red and the female’s are white.
Orang Utan means “person of the forest.” These long-haired, orangish primates, found only in Sumatra and Borneo. These animals are almost complete arboreal. Human and Orang Utan are sharing 97% of the same DNA.
Not much can come close to that feeling when you spot these animals in the wild, especially when you’re not expecting it: awe-inspiring, breathtaking and wonderful and always a memorable moment of your life time.