Wednesday, November 14, 2012

World Heritage?

“World Heritage sites belong to all the peoples of the world, irrespective of the territory on which they are located” (UNESCO). With 962 UNESCO World Heritage sites globally, chances are you have seen one, or live in or near one. A World Heritage site must either have historic cultural significance or rich natural biodiversity. Worldwide there are 745 cultural sites such as the Great Wall of China, the city of Cairo and the Tower of London. The 188 natural sites include the Galapagos Islands, Yellowstone National Park and Ha long Bay in Vietnam. Only 29 areas are both cultural and natural such as Uluru (Ayers rock) in Australia and Machu Picchu in Peru.

So what do Borneo and UNESCO have in common? Malaysia has four World Heritage sites; two cultural sites in Peninsula Malaysia and surprise surprise, both natural sites are in Borneo. 

Mt. Kinabalu National Park is about the size of Singapore, and home to the world’s oldest rainforests. The beautiful mountain flies proudly on the state flag of Sabah and tourists are eager to climb the tallest mountain (4,095 m/ 13,435 feet) between the Himalayas and New Guinea. The park flora is rich in species with 326 birds, 112 mammals and two thirds of the island’s reptile species.

While the park contains the world’s highest and youngest non- volcanic mountains and diverse fauna, the area’s unique flora made the list World Heritage list in 2000. The flora contain elements of Himalayas, China, Australia, Malaysia, as well as pan-tropical flora, which span five vegetation groups from a low rainforest to alpine scrubs. The park contains 5,000 to 6,000 vascular plants, including 1,000 orchids, nine types of pitcher plants and the world’s largest flower, the rafflesia.

1 comment:

  1. In our country here in the Philippines we also have rafflesia too in our rainforest but as years passed by those species of plant are now at risk due to illegal loggers and mining. I just hope our government will do something about it. On the other change, I will be going to America to visit my cousins. I am very thankful that migration expert did a great job on making my US visa application a success. Here’s the link of their website if ever you need a visa service company to USA.