So what do Borneo and UNESCO have in common? Malaysia has four World Heritage sites; two cultural sites in Peninsula Malaysia and surprise surprise, both natural sites are in Borneo.
Mt. Kinabalu National Park is about the size of Singapore, and home to the world’s oldest rainforests. The beautiful mountain flies proudly on the state flag of Sabah and tourists are eager to climb the tallest mountain (4,095 m/ 13,435 feet) between the Himalayas and New Guinea. The park flora is rich in species with 326 birds, 112 mammals and two thirds of the island’s reptile species.
While the park contains the world’s highest and youngest non- volcanic mountains and diverse fauna, the area’s unique flora made the list World Heritage list in 2000. The flora contain elements of Himalayas, China, Australia, Malaysia, as well as pan-tropical flora, which span five vegetation groups from a low rainforest to alpine scrubs. The park contains 5,000 to 6,000 vascular plants, including 1,000 orchids, nine types of pitcher plants and the world’s largest flower, the rafflesia.